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Queensland's history—1900s

1997

  • The first electric service runs from Brisbane to Rockhampton. With a top  speed of 165km/h, and the ability to tilt five degrees in each direction, the  Tilt Train is the fastest train in Australia.

1996

  • Queensland-born and educated immunologist shares the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with his Swiss  colleague Professor Rolf Zinkernagel for discovery of how the immune system  recognises virus-infected cells.
  • The first high speed service begins in Brisbane.

1995

  • Queensland wins the for the first time—68 years after joining the national cricket  competition.
  • Just outside Cairns, stretching 7.5km, is one of the state's top tourist attractions.

1994

  • carries both the Australian and  Aboriginal flags at the Commonwealth Games in Canada after winning two events.

1992

  • The landmark High Court case, v  Queensland () on 3 June overturns the concept of . This lawsuit achieved victory  as Queensland’s first successful land rights case.
  • in Brisbane open.

1991

  • The first (car race) outside the United States is held at Surfers  Paradise on the Gold Coast.
  • opens at Oxenford.

1989

  • The Australian Labor Party (ALP) returns to power after 32 years,  led by .
  • A trial begins. In 1992, the  majority of Queensland voters reject daylight saving in a referendum and it is  abolished.

1988

  • Queen Elizabeth II  officially opens as a central  feature of the national bicentennial celebrations.
  • The is World Heritage listed.
  • opens at Longreach.

1987

  • The starts. It reforms the public  service, the police service, electoral processes and government accountability  over several years. Some politicians and the Police Commissioner are convicted  and jailed.
  • Queensland's largest dam, the (south-west of Ayr) is completed, with a capacity four times that  of Sydney Harbour.

1982

  • The , the largest major sporting  event held in Queensland. Australia wins the overall gold medal tally.
  • The iconic at Bowen Hills is demolished  overnight, following the demolition of Brisbane's historic Bellevue Hotel three  years earlier. These events changed the way Queenslanders saw and valued their  heritage.

1981

  • The is World Heritage listed.

1980

  • Queensland beats New South Wales 20–10 in the first State of Origin game in front of a packed Lang  Park (now Suncorp Stadium).

1979

  • Queensland’s  Great Barrier Reef is recognised as .

1977

  • Protests  against uranium mining during Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen’s reign as Premier  provides a pretext for the government to in Queensland for the first time  in September. The legislation is met with strong opposition from church  leaders, trade unionists, civil libertarians and academics.

1975

  • The is established.

1974

  • The – the worst flood since 1893 – leads to major flood mitigation  works. The Wivenhoe Dam is built.

1973

  • Surf clothing company Billabong is founded on the Gold Coast by  surfer and surfboard shaper Gordon Merchant and his partner.
  • Arsonists James Finch and John Stuart are jailed for fire-bombing  the on St Pauls Terrace in  Brisbane—the worst mass murder in Australia until the Port Arthur massacre in  1996.

1971

  • Queenslander becomes the first Indigenous person to be elected to Federal  Parliament as a Senator for Queensland.

1969

  • is abolished.

1968

  • starts his premiership, which  lasts until 1987 (19 years), making him the longest serving premier in  Queensland history.

1966

  • happens after Prime Minister  Harold Holt invites US President Lyndon B. Johnson to Australia.

1965

  • to protest against men-only bars  in Queensland pubs (the law changed in 1970).

1964

  • On 29 June . Over the  course of two nights, they perform to a crowd of almost 12,000 people at  Festival Hall.

1962

  • The linking Brisbane and Cairns is  completed. This encourages growth in tourism as Queenslanders take advantage of  shorter travel times to places such as the Whitsunday Islands.
  • Rockhampton-born ‘Rocket’ Rod Laver wins the tennis Grand Slam  (the only man to win it twice—again in 1969).

1961

  • Brisbane changes forever under the leadership of Lord Mayor Clem  Jones (until 1975), whose city council introduces town planning and massive  development programs.

1960

  • The becomes the first to begin  broadcasting in Queensland.

1959

  • Queensland celebrates the in December. Highlights of the  celebrations include the presentation of Miss Queensland to the Deputy Premier  and re-enactments of Governor Bowen’s arrival at the Botanical Gardens.
  • The Cooktown Orchid becomes Queensland's floral emblem.

1954

  • Queen Elizabeth II is met by hysterical crowds on  her visit to Queensland .

1953

  • Best known for house calls to the sick and elderly, becomes the Blue Nursing Service, an initiative of members  of the Methodist Mission at West End.

1946

  • Free public hospital treatment is available to Queenslanders for  the first time.

1944

  • Rhodes Scholar, , becomes the first and only member  of a Communist party ever to be elected to parliament in Australia.

1942

  • Japanese flying boats bomb Townsville (26 to 29 July) and Mossman  (31 July). There are no fatalities and only one minor injury is recorded.

1941

  • American  troops are in March to the reception of  enthusiastic crowds, and later in December following simultaneous attacks on  Pearl Harbour and the Philippines.

1940

  • The , Brisbane's most iconic bridge,  first opens and is named after John Douglas Story.

1939

  • World War II starts with Germany's invasion of Poland (the war  ends in 1945).
  • Dr James Mayne and sister Mary Emilia give their entire estate to The University of Queensland for medical education.

1935

  • are deliberately introduced to Queensland from Hawaii to  reduce the number of French’s Cane and Greyback Cane beetles that were  destroying the roots of sugar cane plants.

1934

  • is built due to the need for a  more substantial and consistent water supply to meet future demands.

1931

  • , with  Ellen O’Donnell and Zara Dare becoming the first female police officers,  commencing duty on 16 March at the Roma Street police station.

1930

  • A preparatory year of schooling is added to state primary schools.  Abolished in 1953, it is re-introduced in 2007.
  • breaks Bert  Hinkler's solo record from England to Australia and lands at Eagle Farm,  Brisbane.

1929

  • Irene Longman ,  winning the Brisbane seat of Bulimba for the Country National Party.
  • First 'talkies' screen at the Tivoli in Brisbane.

1928

  • The Royal Flying  Doctor Service is  founded by Reverend John Flynn in response to an emergency call. John Flynn is  today commemorated on the Australian $20 note.
  • Brisbane-born pioneer aviator Charles Kingsford Smith and his colleagues completed the first air crossing of the Pacific, from San Francisco to Brisbane, in 1928.

1927

  • at  Fig Tree Pocket is the world's first koala sanctuary and the first to breed  captive koalas.

1925

  • Dors Hassell stars in Charles Chauvel's first movie, , made by Australian Film  Production, and shot mainly in the Brisbane bush (released January 1926).

1924

  • The winking , atop the Milton brewery in Brisbane, makes his first  appearance.

1922

  • , becoming the only state  parliament in Australia to have one house.

1920

  • – Australia’s first airline is established  on 16 November by four World War I veterans at Winton.

1917

  • Prime Minister Billy Hughes forms the Australian Federal Police  after local police refuse to arrest the men responsible for throwing eggs at  him during a pro-conscription rally in Warwick.
  • In  March, the Queensland Patriotic Fund requests permission to hold an inaugural  art union to raise money for the Australian Soldiers’ Repatriation Fund. Termed  the , the first prize was equivalent  to 30 years of a skilled tradesman’s wage.

1916

  • The divided government opinion  throughout Australia. Queensland’s Labor Government remained committed to a  volunteer army. The weight of public opinion resulted in Queensland and New  South Wales voting against conscription in the 1916 referendum.

1915

  • Premier TJ Ryan leads the first Queensland ALP government to govern without  the need of non-Labor Members of Parliament (MPs). Labor is in power from  1915–1957 (except during 1929–1932).

1914

  • World War I is declared (the war ends in 1918).
  • Yatala Pie Shop opens.

1912

  • A  dispute, concerning union badges on Brisbane tramway workers’ uniforms, spreads  across 43 unions with the Strike Bulletin describing it as “”.

1911

  • The are pioneered in Queensland and  remain in use across the world today.

1910

  • is the first university in the state, officially founded  on April 16. Teaching starts in 1911 in Old Government House in George Street,  Brisbane.

1909

  • Queensland surf lifesavers rescue a group of young women in the  first recorded rescue, at Greenmount Beach, Coolangatta.

1908

  • Witches Falls at Mt Tamborine is proclaimed .
  • Rugby League is established as a separate sport from Rugby Union.

1907

  • On 18 May 1907, women voted for the first time in a Queensland state election.

1906

  • Pacific  Islanders who had arrived to work as servants in Queensland due to the adoption of White  Australia Policy legislation adopted in 1901.

1905

  • Queensland women are .

1903

  • is painted by R. Godfrey Rivers,  a leading Queensland artist. This is a popular painting among visitors to the  Queensland Art Gallery.

1901

  • The colony of Queensland becomes a state of the new Commonwealth  of Australia on 1 January.

1900

  • Between 1900 and 1909, 499 , resulting in 219 deaths.